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Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2013 Oct;35(4):1282-92. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2013.07.044. Epub 2013 Aug 9.

Two novel Toll genes (EsToll1 and EsToll2) from Eriocheir sinensis are differentially induced by lipopolysaccharide, peptidoglycan and zymosan.

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School of Life Science, East China Normal University, No. 500 Dong-Chuan Road, Shanghai 200241, China.


Tolls/Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an essential role in initiating innate immune responses against pathogens and are found throughout the insect kingdom but have not yet been reported in the crustacean, Eriocheir sinensis. For this purpose, we cloned two novel Toll genes from E. sinensis, EsToll1 and EsToll2. The full-length cDNA of EsToll1 was 3963 bp with a 3042-bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a 1013-amino acid protein. The extracellular domain of this protein contains 17 leucine-rich repeats (LRRs) and a 139-residue cytoplasmic Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain. The cDNA full-length of EsToll2 was 4419 bp with a 2667-bp ORF encoding an 888-amino acid protein with an extracellular domain containing 10 LRRs and a 139-residue cytoplasmic TIR domain. By phylogenetic analysis, EsToll1 and EsToll2 clustered into one group together with Tolls from other crustaceans. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that a) both EsToll1 and EsToll2 were constitutively expressed in all tested crab tissues; b) EsToll1 and EsToll2 were differentially induced after injection of lipopolysaccharides (LPS), peptidoglycan (PG) or zymosan (GLU). Importantly, EsToll2 expression was significantly upregulated at almost all time intervals post-challenge with LPS, PG and GLU. Our study indicated that EsToll1 and EsToll2 are differentially inducibility in response to various PAMPs, suggesting their involvement in a specific innate immune recognition mechanism in E. sinensis.


Chinese mitten crab; Innate immunity; PAMPs; Toll

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