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Enferm Intensiva. 2013 Jul-Sep;24(3):104-12. doi: 10.1016/j.enfi.2013.06.001. Epub 2013 Aug 7.

[Work setting, satisfaction and burnout of the nurses in critical care units and hospitalization units. RN4CAST-Spain project].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Hospital Universitario Vall d'Hebron, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, España. Electronic address: cfuentelsaz@vhebron.net.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To know if there are differences between the critical care units and the medical-surgical care units regarding the perception of the nurses working in National Health System hospitals about their work environment, burnout level and job satisfaction.

METHOD:

A cross-sectional study was conducted with 6,417 nurses from the medical-surgical care units and with 1,122 nurses from critical care units of 59 Spanish hospitals with more than 150 beds. Socio-demographic, job satisfaction, perception of work environment (Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index [PES-NWI questionnaire]) and burnout measured with the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) data were collected.

RESULTS:

The PES-NWI showed differences in 4 out of its 5 factors. It showed better values in medical-surgical units in all the factors, except for Staffing and resource adequacy (P<.001), where critical care units showed a mean level of agreement of 2.41 versus 2.19 for the medical-surgical units. Regarding burnout, this was higher in the medical-surgical care units (P=.039) where 23% (952) of the nurses had high levels. Job satisfaction was lower in the critical care units (P=.044) with 70% (578) of nurses being very or strongly satisfied.

CONCLUSIONS:

The opinion of the nurses, working in critical care units about their hospital is unfavorable. They showed lower levels of burnout than those working in medical-surgical units.

KEYWORDS:

Burnout; Critical care; Cuidados críticos; Entorno laboral; Maslach Burnout Inventory; Nursing staff; Personal de enfermería; Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index; Work environment

PMID:
23932519
DOI:
10.1016/j.enfi.2013.06.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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