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Am J Clin Nutr. 1990 Sep;52(3):553-6.

Coffee stimulation of cholecystokinin release and gallbladder contraction in humans.

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Department of Gastroenterology-Hepatology, University Hospital, Leiden, The Netherlands.


We studied the effect of the ingestion of 400 mL regular coffee on plasma cholecystokinin (CCK) concentrations and of 165 mL regular and decaffeinated coffee on plasma CCK and gallbladder contraction in six healthy regular coffee drinkers. Plasma CCK concentrations rose 3.3 +/- 0.4 pmol/L after 400 mL and 2.8 +/- 0.9 pmol/L after 165 mL regular coffee compared with 1.8 +/- 0.6 pmol/L after 165 mL decaffeinated coffee. These plasma CCK increments were greater than those after 400 and 165 mL of an isosmotic and isothermic sodium chloride solution (0.6 +/- 0.2 and 0.4 +/- 0.1 pmol/L, respectively). An average gallbladder contraction of 33 +/- 7% was observed after 165 mL regular coffee and 29 +/- 10% after 165 mL decaffeinated coffee, whereas after 165 mL sodium chloride the contraction was only 10 +/- 12%. We conclude that both regular coffee and decaffeinated coffee give rise to increments in plasma CCK and contractions of the gallbladder.

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