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Pathog Dis. 2014 Feb;70(1):70-4. doi: 10.1111/2049-632X.12081. Epub 2013 Sep 12.

Role of the Listeria monocytogenes 2-Cys peroxiredoxin homologue in protection against oxidative and nitrosative stress and in virulence.

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Department of Veterinary Disease Biology, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.


Peroxiredoxins contribute to protection of some bacteria against reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs) and reactive nitrogen intermediates (RNIs). Listeria monocytogenes, a facultative intracellular bacterial pathogen, interacts with ROIs and RNIs during infection. In this study, we investigated the involvement of the 2-Cys peroxiredoxin (Prx) homologue in L. monocytogenes in the protection against ROIs and RNIs and in virulence through the construction of an in-frame prx deletion mutant. The Δprx mutant had increased sensitivity to hydrogen peroxide and cumene hydroperoxide compared to the wild-type strain. The mutant also exhibited an increased susceptibility to the nitric oxide-generating compound S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP) and 3-morpholinosydnonimine hydrochloride (SIN-1), a peroxynitrite donor. Furthermore, a diminished virulence of the Δprx mutant relative to the wild-type was observed in C57BL/6 mice, but not in inducible nitric oxide synthase-deficient mice. The results suggest that Prx protects L. monocytogenes against oxidative and nitrosative stress in vitro and in vivo and that the prx-encoded polypeptide thereby is involved in L. monocytogenes virulence.


bacterial defense; detoxifying enzyme; iNOS; interferon-γ

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