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J Sci Food Agric. 2014 Mar 30;94(5):943-50. doi: 10.1002/jsfa.6340. Epub 2013 Sep 4.

An in vitro study reveals nutraceutical properties of Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. var. Mauritius fruit residue beneficial to diabetes.

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Agroprocessing and Natural Products Division, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science and Technology (CSIR-NIIST), Thiruvananthapuram-, 695019, Kerala, India.



Rapid urbanisation and nutritional transition is fuelling the increased global incidence of type 2 diabetes. Pineapple fruit residue was explored for its nutraceutical properties as an alternative or adjunct to currently available treatment regime. Ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts of pineapple fruit residue were evaluated for anti-diabetic activity in cell free and cell based systems. Specifically, we assessed: (1) antioxidant potential, (2) anti-glycation potential, (3) carbohydrate digestive enzyme inhibition, and (4) lipid accumulation and glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase activity in differentiating 3T3-L1 cells.


The active components in the ethyl acetate and methanolic extracts were identified as sinapic acid, daucosterol, 2-methylpropanoate, 2,5-dimethyl-4-hydroxy-3(2H)-furanone, methyl 2-methylbutanoate and triterpenoid ergosterol using DART/HRMS and ESI/HRMS. Micronutrient analysis revealed the presence of magnesium, potassium and calcium. Adipogenic potential, anti-glycation property of the ethyl acetate extract, and DNA damage protection capacity of the methanolic extract are promising.


Results from this study clearly indicate that pineapple fruit residue could be utilised as a nutraceutical against diabetes and related complications.


Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. var. Mauritius; adipogenesis; anti-glycation; antioxidant; bromeliaceae; pineapple fruit residue; α-glucosidase

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