Send to

Choose Destination
Leuk Res. 2013 Oct;37(10):1251-7. doi: 10.1016/j.leukres.2013.06.020. Epub 2013 Aug 5.

t(11;14) multiple myeloma: a subtype associated with distinct immunological features, immunophenotypic characteristics but divergent outcome.

Author information

Department of Lymphoma & Myeloma, Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, State Key Laboratory of Experimental Hematology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union of Medical College, Tianjin, People's Republic of China.


t(11;14)(q13;q32) is the most common chromosome translocation in multiple myeloma (MM), but a consensus of clinicopathological features and impact on survival is yet to be reached. We analyzed a cohort of 350 patients with various plasma cell malignancies, including newly diagnosed MM (NDMM, n=253), relapsed/refractory MM (RRMM, n=77), as well as primary and secondary plasma cell leukemia (PCL, n=10 and n=10, respectively).


A remarkably higher frequency of t(11;14) was observed in the PCL than in the NDMM. A high incidence of t(11;14) was detected in the IgD, IgM, and nonsecretory MM. The t(11;14) MM group was associated with a significantly higher positive rate of B-lineage associated antigens CD20 and CD79a as well as the lack of CD56 expression. t(11;14) was less likely to be accompanied by 13q14 deletion than 13q14 deletion frequency in non-t(11;14) population (p=0.026), and fewer patients displaying t(11;14) were identified as belonging to the high-risk cytogenetic group due to the extremely low incidence of t(4;14) and t(14;16). As a whole, patients exhibiting t(11;14) had a comparable outcome with the control cohort in NDMM, but CD20 was able to identify two subsets of the disease with dissimilar outcomes. Among patients receiving bortezomib-based treatment, patients harboring t(11;14) without CD20 expression had a significantly shortened PFS (11.0 versus 43.0 months, p=0.005) and OS (16.5 versus 54.0 months, p=0.016) compared with patients displaying t(11;14) with CD20. Our findings suggest that although the t(11;14) plasma cell disorder displayed distinct biological, clinical and laboratory features, it was a heterogeneous disease with divergent outcome.


Chromosome aberration; Fluorescence in situ hybridization; Multiple myeloma; Prognosis; Survival

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center