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Can J Cardiol. 2013 Nov;29(11):1454-61. doi: 10.1016/j.cjca.2013.03.026. Epub 2013 Aug 6.

Determinants of percutaneous coronary intervention vs coronary artery bypass grafting: an interprovincial comparison.

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Division of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.



Marked variation exists concerning the utilization of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The objective of this study was to examine differences in predictors of mode of revascularization across 3 provincial jurisdictions.


All patients who underwent PCI and isolated CABG in British Columbia, Alberta, and Nova Scotia between 1996 and 2007 were considered. Age- and sex-standardized rates of PCI and CABG per 100,000 population and PCI to CABG ratios were calculated by year and province. Logistic regression models were constructed to identify independent predictors of mode of revascularization in each province.


A total of 32,190 and 69,409 patients underwent CABG and PCI, respectively, during the study period. Significant increases in the age- and sex-adjusted PCI to CABG ratios were observed in all 3 provinces, but these ratios differed between provinces. Across all 3 jurisdictions, female sex and diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome favoured increased PCI vs CABG, and increased age, left main, or 3-vessel disease occurring before myocardial infarction, and diabetes favoured lower PCI vs CABG. After adjusting for clinical and angiographic factors, there remained a significant variation in choice of PCI vs CABG between the 3 provinces over time.


Significant interprovincial variability in PCI to CABG ratios was observed. Though certain patient-related factors predictive of either PCI or CABG were identified, factors beyond clinical presentation played a role in the choice of revascularization approach.

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