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Allergy. 2013 Sep;68(9):1136-42. doi: 10.1111/all.12205. Epub 2013 Aug 7.

Modulation of allergen-induced bronchoconstriction by fluticasone furoate and vilanterol alone or in combination.

Author information

1
GlaxoSmithKline Respiratory and Immuno-Inflammation Medicines Development Centre, Stockley Park, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This placebo-controlled study assessed the effects of the once-daily inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) fluticasone furoate (FF) and long-acting beta(2) -agonist (LABA) vilanterol (VI) on early and late asthmatic responses (EAR/LAR) and airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR).

METHODS:

Patients (n = 27) were randomized to FF (100 μg), VI (25 μg), FF/VI (100/25 μg), and placebo for 21 days (four periods). Allergen challenge was performed 1 h post-dose on day 21. AHR was assessed on day 22 using methacholine.

RESULTS:

Allergen challenge caused an early change (0-2 h) in minimum forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) of -1.091 l (95% CI: -1.344; -0.837) following placebo therapy; changes were -0.955 l (-1.209; -0.702), -0.826 l (-1.070; -0.581), and -0.614 l (-0.858; -0.370) following VI, FF, or FF/VI therapy, respectively. Treatment differences were significant for all comparisons between therapies. Mean changes in 0-2 h %FEV(1) were as follows: -28.05 (placebo), -23.10 (VI), -22.33 (FF), and -16.10 (FF/VI). Following placebo, the late change (4-10 h) in weighted mean FEV(1) was -0.466 l (-0.589; -0.343) and -0.298 l (-0.415; -0.181) after VI, and was +0.018 l with both FF/VI (-0.089; 0.124) and FF (-0.089; 0.125). Treatment differences were significant for all comparisons between therapies except FF/VI vs FF. Mean changes in 4-10 h %FEV(1) were as follows: -21.08 (placebo), -14.30 (VI), -5.02 (FF), and -5.83 (FF/VI). AHR 24 h after allergen challenge was significantly reduced with FF/VI and FF vs placebo, and FF/VI was superior to either component.

CONCLUSION:

Combined treatment with FF/VI provides additive protection from the EAR relative to its components, significant protection over VI alone from the LAR, and confers sustained protection from hyper-responsiveness 24 h post-dose.

KEYWORDS:

allergen challenge; asthma; atopy; inhaled corticosteroid; long-acting beta2-agonist

PMID:
23924233
PMCID:
PMC4223930
DOI:
10.1111/all.12205
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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