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Z Naturforsch C. 2013 May-Jun;68(5-6):203-9.

Inhibition of cholinergic contractions of rat ileum by tkopane-type alkaloids present in Schizanthus hookeri.

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Universidad de Chile, Programa de FarmacologĂ­a, ICBM, Facultad de Medicina, Casilla 70000, Santiago, Chile.


The relative lack of specificity of atropine as a competitive antagonist of muscarinic receptors is a frequent cause of undesirable parasympathetic side effects. Consequently, new tropane alkaloids with potentially greater selectivity are usually seen with real interest. The cholinergic antagonistic effects of a purified mixture of tropane alkaloids extracted from Schizanthus hookeri were evaluated in rat ileum. For this purpose, ileal segments were obtained from randomly selected male Sprague-Dawley rats, and the effect of 1 x 10(-4), 1 x 10(-3), and 1 x 10(-2) mg/mL of the purified mixture of alkaloids on the contractile response of the ileum induced with increasing doses of carbachol (5 x 10(-8) - 10(-4) M) was determined. The results were compared with those obtained in the presence of 3.46 x 10(-7), 3.46 x 10(-6), and 3.46 x 10(-5) mg/mL atropine as an agonist. Tropane alkaloids extracted from Schizanthus hookeri competitively antagonized acetylcholine muscarinic receptors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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