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Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2013 Apr;3(2):291-4. doi: 10.4103/2141-9248.113686.

Joubert syndrome: the molar tooth sign of the mid-brain.

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1
Department of General Medicine, Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan, West Bengal, India.

Abstract

Joubert syndrome (JS) is a very rare, autosomal-recessive condition. It is characterized by agenesis of cerebellar vermis, abnormal eye movements with nystagmus, episodes of hyperpnea and apnea, delayed generalized motor development, retinal coloboma and dystrophy and, sometimes, multicystic kidney disease. The importance of recognizing JS is related to the outcome and its potential complications. Prenatal diagnosis by ultarsonography and antenatal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is also possible. We have diagnosed a case of JS in a male infant with history of delayed mental and motor milestone development, history of abnormal breathing pattern, abnormal limb movement, generalized hypotonia and abnormal head movements with nystagmus. MRI showed hypoplastic cerebellar vermis with hypoplasia of the superior cerebellar peduncle resembling the "Molar Tooth Sign" in the mid-brain.

KEYWORDS:

Joubert syndrome; Molar tooth sign; Vermian agenesis

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