Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Europace. 2014 Mar;16(3):327-34. doi: 10.1093/europace/eut230. Epub 2013 Aug 4.

The impact of haemodialysis on the outcomes of catheter ablation in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.

Author information

1
Cardiovascular Center, Yokosuka Kyosai Hospital, Yonegahama Street 1-16, Yokosuka, Kanagawa 238-8558, Japan.

Abstract

AIMS:

The outcomes of catheter ablation (CA) in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) who are undergoing haemodialysis (HD) have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to determine the impact of HD on CA outcome in these patients.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We examined 1364 consecutive PAF patients (mean age, 61 ± 10 years) who underwent CA, including 32 (2.3%) patients undergoing HD. The patients undergoing HD had a significantly lower body mass index (P < 0.0001), higher CHADS2 score (P = 0.006), and higher prevalence of structural heart disease (P < 0.0001), hypertension (P = 0.002), and congestive heart failure (P = 0.02). Echocardiography indicated a larger left atrial diameter (P < 0.0001) and left ventricular diameter (P = 0.0002) in the HD patients. Haemodialysis was a significant predictor of AF recurrence (hazard ratio 2.56; 95% confidence interval 1.56-4.03; P = 0.0004) in the overall population. Sinus rhythm maintenance rates in the HD patients at 1, 3, and 5 years were 42.3, 37.6, and 19.7%, respectively, after the first procedure, and 64.7, 54.9, and 47.1%, respectively, after the final procedure (median, 2; range, 1-2 procedures); these rates were significantly lower than those in the non-HD patients (P < 0.0001). The 5-year survival rate was 78.1% in the HD patients.

CONCLUSION:

Haemodialysis was significantly associated with AF recurrence after CA for PAF. However, an ∼50% success rate for sinus rhythm maintenance without antiarrhythmic drug therapy in HD patients suggested that CA could be an option for the treatment of AF.

KEYWORDS:

Atrial fibrillation; Catheter ablation; Haemodialysis; Prognosis; Recurrence

PMID:
23918790
DOI:
10.1093/europace/eut230
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Support Center