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Curr Heart Fail Rep. 2013 Dec;10(4):427-33. doi: 10.1007/s11897-013-0151-y.

Acute heart failure: patient characteristics and pathophysiology.

Author information

1
Division of Cardiology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Abstract

The number of hospitalizations for acute heart failure (HF) continues to increase and it remains the most common discharge diagnosis among Medicare beneficiaries. Prognosis after hospitalization for HF is poor, with high in-hospital mortality and even higher post-discharge mortality and rehospitalization rates. It is a complex clinical syndrome that varies widely with respect to clinical presentation and underlying pathophysiology. This paper reviews what is documented in the literature regarding the known pathophysiologic mechanisms reported in patients hospitalized for HF.

PMID:
23918642
PMCID:
PMC3823818
DOI:
10.1007/s11897-013-0151-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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