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J Med Virol. 2013 Jul;85(7):1206-14. doi: 10.1002/jmv.23598.

Genetic variation in NOS2A is associated with a sustained virological response to peginterferon plus ribavirin therapy for chronic hepatitis C in Taiwanese Chinese.

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1
Department of Pharmacy, College of Pharmacy, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate whether genetic polymorphisms of the inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) gene NOS2A could be associated with a sustained virological response (SVR) among patients infected with hepatitis C virus genotypes 1 and 2 (HCV-1 and HCV-2) who were treated with peginterferon plus ribavirin (PEG-IFNα-RBV). We analyzed the associations between SVR to PEG-IFNα-RBV therapy and two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in NOS2A. This study included Taiwanese Chinese patients infected with either HCV-1 (n = 265) or HCV-2 (n = 195) with or without a SVR. Among the NOS2A SNPs examined, the combination of genotypes A/A and A/G of rs2248814 was inversely correlated with SVR in patients infected with HCV-1 (P = 0.0048), particularly in males (P = 0.0281). This effect was not observed in patients infected with HCV-2. The AC NOS2A haplotype comprising two SNPs (rs2248814 and rs2072324) was found to be associated with SVR, and its presence may decrease the chances for a successful outcome of treatment of patients infected with HCV-1 (P = 0.0053). HCV-1 infected patients who carried the A-C diplotype will have a lower success rate of achieving a SVR (P = 0.0117). In addition, a multivariate logistic regression model for predicting a SVR revealed that the presence of the A-C diplotype interactively affected the outcome of PEG-IFNα-RBV treatment. The presence of NOS2A SNPs and the association with SVR showed that NOS2A polymorphisms may influence the therapeutic outcomes of patients infected with HCV-1 under standard of care treatment.

KEYWORDS:

hepatitis C virus; inducible nitric oxide synthase; standard of care treatment; sustained virological response

PMID:
23918539
DOI:
10.1002/jmv.23598
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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