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Clin Oral Investig. 2014;18(2):677-82. doi: 10.1007/s00784-013-1054-8. Epub 2013 Aug 7.

Genome-wide association study (GWAS) for molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH).

Author information

1
Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Ludwig-Maximilians University of Munich, Goethestraße70, Munich, 80336, Germany, jkuehn@dent.med.uni-muenchen.de.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This genome-wide association study (GWAS) investigated the relationship between molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH) and possible genetic loci. Clinical and genetic data from the 10-year follow-up of 668 children from the Munich GINI-plus and LISA-plus birth cohort studies were analyzed.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

The dental examinations included the diagnosis of MIH according to the criteria of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry (EAPD). Children with MIH were categorized as those with a minimum of one hypomineralized first permanent molar. A GWAS was implemented following a quality-control step and an additive genetic effect was assumed.

RESULTS:

A total of 2,013,491 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were available for analysis. Rs13058467, which is located near the SCUBE1 gene on chromosome 22 (p < 3.72E-7), was identified as a possible locus linked to MIH when using a threshold of p value <1E-6.

CONCLUSIONS:

After considering the limitations of the present study (e.g., limited sample size and lack of an independent replication sample), it can be concluded that (1) replication analyses in an independent cohort study are strongly recommended and (2) large-scale and well-powered studies are needed to investigate a possible genetic link to MIH.

PMID:
23918034
DOI:
10.1007/s00784-013-1054-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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