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Cancer Biol Ther. 2013 May;14(5):458-65. doi: 10.4161/cbt.24424.

PARP and CHK inhibitors interact to cause DNA damage and cell death in mammary carcinoma cells.

Author information

1
Department of Neurosurgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

Abstract

The present studies examined viability and DNA damage levels in mammary carcinoma cells following PARP1 and CHK1 inhibitor drug combination exposure. PARP1 inhibitors [AZD2281 ; ABT888 ; NU1025 ; AG014699] interacted with CHK1 inhibitors [UCN-01 ; AZD7762 ; LY2603618] to kill mammary carcinoma cells. PARP1 and CHK1 inhibitors interacted to increase both single strand and double strand DNA breaks that correlated with increased γH2AX phosphorylation. Treatment of cells with CHK1 inhibitors increased the phosphorylation of CHK1 and ERK1/2. Knock down of ATM suppressed the drug-induced increases in CHK1 and ERK1/2 phosphorylation and enhanced tumor cell killing by PARP1 and CHK1 inhibitors. Expression of dominant negative MEK1 enhanced drug-induced DNA damage whereas expression of activated MEK1 suppressed both the DNA damage response and tumor cell killing. Collectively our data demonstrate that PARP1 and CHK1 inhibitors interact to kill mammary carcinoma cells and that increased DNA damage is a surrogate marker for the response of cells to this drug combination.

KEYWORDS:

ATM; CHK1; DNA damage; PARP1; apoptosis; comet; kinase

PMID:
23917378
PMCID:
PMC3672190
DOI:
10.4161/cbt.24424
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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