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J Med Chem. 1990 Sep;33(9):2629-35.

Dihydropyrimidine calcium channel blockers. 2. 3-substituted-4-aryl-1,4-dihydro-6-methyl-5-pyrimidinecarboxylic acid esters as potent mimics of dihydropyridines.

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Squibb Institute for Medical Research, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-4000.


To enhance the intrinsic potency of dihydropyrimidine calcium channel blockers, we have modified the structure of previously described 2-heteroalkyl-1,4-dihydropyrimidines 2 to 3-substituted 1,4-dihydropyrimidines 3. Structure-activity studies using potassium-depolarized rabbit aorta show that ortho, meta-disubstituted aryl derivatives are more potent than either ortho- or meta-monosubstituted compounds. While vasorelaxant activity was critically dependent on the size of the C5 ester group, isopropyl ester being the best, a variety of substituents (carbamate, acyl, sulfonyl, alkyl) were tolerated at N3. Our results show dihydropyrimidines 3 are significantly more potent than corresponding 2-heteroalkyl-1,4-dihydropyrimidines 2 and only slightly less potent than similarly substituted 2-heteroalkyl-1,4-dihydropyridines 4 and 5. Whereas dihydropyridine enantiomers usually show 10-15-fold difference in activity, the enantiomers of dihydropyrimidine 3j show more than a 1000-fold difference in activity. These results strengthen the requirement of an enamino ester for binding to the dihydropyridine receptor and indicate a nonspecific role for the N3-substituent.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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