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Clin Nutr. 2014 Jun;33(3):483-8. doi: 10.1016/j.clnu.2013.06.018. Epub 2013 Jul 9.

Assessment of xylitol serum levels during the course of parenteral nutrition including xylitol in intensive care patients: a case control study.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, D-30625 Hannover, Germany. Electronic address: andrea.s.schneider@gmx.de.
2
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Endocrinology, Hannover Medical School, Carl-Neuberg-Str. 1, D-30625 Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Xylitol has been approved for parenteral nutrition and may be beneficial in catabolic situations. The aim was to establish an easy method to monitor xylitol serum levels in patients receiving xylitol and to determine whether xylitol is safe.

METHODS:

A commercially available xylitol test was validated and used to measure serum levels in 55 patients admitted to our intensive care unit with an indication for parenteral nutrition with xylitol for at least 24 h. Controls consisted of the most recent 56 patients admitted to the intensive care unit who received parenteral nutrition without xylitol for at least 2 days. Xylitol serum levels were determined using the test. Adverse events, liver enzymes, lactate, bilirubin, γ-glutamyl transpeptidase, and insulin requirement were secondary endpoints.

RESULTS:

Patients receiving xylitol received 32.6% less insulin than controls. The amount of energy they received was comparable (xylitol: 810.1; controls: 789.8 kcal). Mean liver enzymes and lactate levels were similar in both groups. Adverse events considered attributable to xylitol did not occur. Xylitol did not accumulate in patients' blood and returned to near baseline values one day after parenteral nutrition was stopped.

CONCLUSIONS:

Parenteral nutrition with xylitol appears to be safe for critical care patients. There were no signs of hepatoxicity.

TRIAL REGISTRATION DRKS:

DRKS00004238.

KEYWORDS:

Antioxidants; Critically ill; Early feeding; Nutrient; Parenteral nutrition; Sepsis

PMID:
23916161
DOI:
10.1016/j.clnu.2013.06.018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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