Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Pediatr. 2013 Nov;163(5):1272-7.e1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.05.035. Epub 2013 Jul 31.

Effects of early prebiotic and probiotic supplementation on development of gut microbiota and fussing and crying in preterm infants: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Turku University Hospital, Turku, Finland; Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the impact of early prebiotic and probiotic intervention on preterm infants' well-being, crying, growth, and microbiological programming.

STUDY DESIGN:

Ninety-four preterm infants (gestational age 32-36 weeks and birth weight >1500 g) randomized to receive prebiotics (mixture of galacto-oligosaccharide and polydextrose 1:1), probiotics (Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG), or placebo during the first 2 months of life were followed up for 1 year. Infants were categorized based on the extent of crying and irritability during the first 2 months of life, and their gut microbiota was investigated by fluorescence in situ hybridization (n = 66) and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (n = 63).

RESULTS:

A total of 27 of 94 infants (29%) infants were classified as excessive criers, significantly less frequently in the prebiotic and the probiotic groups than in the placebo group (19% vs 19% vs 47%, respectively; P = .02). The placebo group had a higher percentage of Clostridium histolyticum group bacteria in their stools than did the probiotic group (13.9% vs 8.9%, respectively; P = .05). There were no adverse events related to either supplementation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Early prebiotic and probiotic supplementation may alleviate symptoms associated with crying and fussing in preterm infants. This original finding may offer new therapeutic and preventive measures for this common disturbance in early life.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00167700.

KEYWORDS:

Carbocyanine 3; Cy3; FISH; FITC; Fluorescein isothiocyanate; Fluorescence in situ hybridization; PCR; Polymerase chain reaction; Quantitative polymerase chain reaction; qPCR

PMID:
23915796
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpeds.2013.05.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center