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Conserv Biol. 2014 Feb;28(1):129-39. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12126. Epub 2013 Aug 5.

Global analysis of anthropogenic debris ingestion by sea turtles.

Author information

1
School of Biological Sciences, Moreton Bay Research Station, University of Queensland, P.O. Box 138, Dunwich, Queensland 4183, Australia. q.schuyler@uq.edu.au.

Abstract

Ingestion of marine debris can have lethal and sublethal effects on sea turtles and other wildlife. Although researchers have reported on ingestion of anthropogenic debris by marine turtles and implied incidences of debris ingestion have increased over time, there has not been a global synthesis of the phenomenon since 1985. Thus, we analyzed 37 studies published from 1985 to 2012 that report on data collected from before 1900 through 2011. Specifically, we investigated whether ingestion prevalence has changed over time, what types of debris are most commonly ingested, the geographic distribution of debris ingestion by marine turtles relative to global debris distribution, and which species and life-history stages are most likely to ingest debris. The probability of green (Chelonia mydas) and leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) ingesting debris increased significantly over time, and plastic was the most commonly ingested debris. Turtles in nearly all regions studied ingest debris, but the probability of ingestion was not related to modeled debris densities. Furthermore, smaller, oceanic-stage turtles were more likely to ingest debris than coastal foragers, whereas carnivorous species were less likely to ingest debris than herbivores or gelatinovores. Our results indicate oceanic leatherback turtles and green turtles are at the greatest risk of both lethal and sublethal effects from ingested marine debris. To reduce this risk, anthropogenic debris must be managed at a global level.

KEYWORDS:

Caretta caretta; Dermochelys coriacea; Eretmochelys imbricata; Lepidochelys kempii; basura; escombros; garbage; litter; residuos; rubbish; trash

PMID:
23914794
PMCID:
PMC4204513
DOI:
10.1111/cobi.12126
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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