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Can Urol Assoc J. 2013 Jul-Aug;7(7-8):E462-6. doi: 10.5489/cuaj.204.

Retubularization of the ileocystoplasty patch for conversion into an ileal conduit.

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1
Department of Urology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

We present the outcomes and long-term follow-up of patients who underwent conversion to an ileal conduit urinary diversion using the retubularized patch from the initial augmentation ileocystoplasty.

METHODS:

We reviewed the charts of all patients who underwent this surgery at our centre. The indications for surgery, workup, clinical outcomes and complication rates were assessed. Patient-reported symptom response based on global response assessment (GRA) was determined and used as a subjective measure of overall treatment effectiveness.

RESULTS:

Thirteen patients with either bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) (n = 11) or neurogenic bladder (n = 2) were followed for a mean of 80 months. The most common indication for surgical conversion was persistent lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) or bladder pain. Late complications were frequent, typically low-grade, and usually manageable with conservative therapy; the most common were urinary tract infections (n = 6) and parastomal hernias (n = 5). Two patients developed ureteric strictures. Nine of 13 patients required additional surgery to manage complications or persistent symptoms. Only 5 of 11 GRA respondents reported a successful therapeutic outcome and BPS/IC patients who underwent concurrent cystourethrectomy tended to be most satisfied (2/3). Nevertheless, several patients still achieved symptom control when no other treatment options were available to them.

CONCLUSION:

Conversion to an ileal conduit using the retubularized ileocystoplasty patch offers several technical and therapeutic advantages over creating a urinary diversion from a new bowel segment. It should therefore be considered a viable treatment option in patients who have exhausted more conservative management of their LUTS.

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