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Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013 Sep 28;15(36):14973-85. doi: 10.1039/c3cp51903a.

Multidimensional local mode calculations for the vibrational spectra of OH(-)(H2O)2 and OH(-)(H2O)2·Ar.

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1
Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 10617, Taiwan, Republic of China. morita@gate.sinica.edu.tw

Abstract

Multidimensional local mode calculations are performed for OH stretching vibrations of the gas phase OH(-)(H2O)2 and OH(-)(H2O)2·Ar clusters in the 1000-4000 cm(-1) energy range. The potential energies and the associated dipole moment values are calculated with MP2/6-311++G(3df,3pd). To fully take into account the anharmonic effects for the stretching vibrations of the ionic hydrogen bonded OHs (IHB OHs), those donating H to the O atom in OH(-), the vibrational Hamiltonian represented by the discrete variable representation (DVR) technique is diagonalized without using any truncation/contraction scheme for the basis. The necessary potential energies and dipole moment values at the DVR grid points are supplied by the polynomial inter- and extrapolations based on the values calculated at fine spatial grid points. We found that the peaks at 2700 cm(-1) should be assigned to the first overtone (ν: 0 → 2) of the IHB OH stretching vibrations rather than the previous assignment of the fundamental of the IHB OH based on harmonic frequencies. The relevant fundamental peaks should be observed around 1600-2000 cm(-1) where no experimental observation has been performed. This prediction of the fundamental peak positions leads to a simple correlation between the magnitude of the red-shift of the IHB OH stretching vibrational peak position and the cluster size of OH(-)(H2O)n for n = 1-3. Furthermore, to determine important contributions toward the assignment of the experimental spectrum, detailed analyses are performed from the following 3 viewpoints: (1) mode coupling between the inter water IHB OH stretching vibrations, (2) coupling between the IHB OH and the low-frequency OO stretching vibrations and (3) argon attachment to OH(-)(H2O)2. We found that the overall shape of the vibrational spectrum can be essentially described by considering only factor (1). However, fairly large peak shifts are caused by factors (2) and (3).

PMID:
23912845
DOI:
10.1039/c3cp51903a
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