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Circ Res. 2013 Sep 27;113(8):965-74. doi: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.113.301934. Epub 2013 Aug 1.

Increased atherosclerotic lesion formation and vascular leukocyte accumulation in renal impairment are mediated by interleukin-17A.

Author information

1
From the Department of Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Atherosclerosis is a major cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease. Chronic inflammation of the arterial wall including invasion, proliferation, and differentiation of leukocytes is important in atherosclerotic lesion development. How atherosclerotic inflammation is altered in renal impairment is incompletely understood.

OBJECTIVE:

This study analyzed leukocytes of the atherosclerotic aorta in mice with impaired and normal renal function and studied a mechanism for the alteration in aortic myeloid leukocytes.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Unilateral nephrectomy significantly decreased glomerular filtration rate and increased atherosclerotic lesion size and aortic leukocyte numbers in 2 murine atherosclerosis models, apolipoprotein E (Apoe(-/-)) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-deficient (LDLr(-/-)) mice. The number of aortic myeloid cells increased significantly. They took-up less oxidized LDL, whereas CD11c expression, interaction with T cells, and aortic T cell proliferation were significantly enhanced in renal impairment. In human peripheral blood mononuclear cell cultures, chronic kidney disease serum decreased lipid uptake and increased human leukocyte antigen II (HLA II) expression. Supplementation with interleukin-17A similarly increased HLA II and CD11c expression and impaired oxidized LDL uptake. Interleukin-17A expression was increased in atherosclerotic mice with renal impairment. Ablation of interleukin-17A in LDLr(-/-) mice by lethal irradiation and reconstitution with Il17a(-/-) bone marrow abolished the effect of renal impairment on aortic CD11b(+) myeloid cell accumulation, CD11c expression, and cell proliferation. Atherosclerotic lesion size was decreased to levels observed in normal kidney function.

CONCLUSIONS:

Kidney function modifies arterial myeloid cell accumulation and phenotype in atherosclerosis. Our results suggest a central role for interleukin-17A in aggravation of vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis in renal impairment.

KEYWORDS:

atherosclerosis; interleukin-17; leukocytes; renal insufficiency; vascular inflammation

PMID:
23908345
PMCID:
PMC3848055
DOI:
10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.113.301934
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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