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Diabetes Obes Metab. 2014 Feb;16(2):147-58. doi: 10.1111/dom.12188. Epub 2013 Aug 22.

Empagliflozin improves glycaemic and weight control as add-on therapy to pioglitazone or pioglitazone plus metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes: a 24-week, randomized, placebo-controlled trial.

Author information

1
Health Sciences Centre, Memorial University, Newfoundland, Canada.

Abstract

AIMS:

This study investigated the efficacy and tolerability of empagliflozin as add-on to pioglitazone ± metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).

METHODS:

Patients with HbA1c ≥7 and ≤10% were randomized and treated with once daily empagliflozin 10 mg (n = 165), empagliflozin 25 mg (n = 168) or placebo (n = 165) as add-on to pioglitazone ± metformin for 24 weeks. Endpoints included changes from baseline in HbA1c (primary endpoint), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and body weight at week 24.

RESULTS:

Adjusted mean ± standard error changes in HbA1c were -0.6 ± 0.07% and -0.7 ± 0.07% with empagliflozin 10 mg and 25 mg, respectively, vs. -0.1 ± 0.07% with placebo (both p < 0.001). More patients with HbA1c ≥7% at baseline achieved HbA1c <7% with empagliflozin 10 mg (23.8%) and 25 mg (30.0%) vs. placebo (7.7%) (both p < 0.001). FPG decreased with empagliflozin (-0.94 mmol/l for 10 mg and -1.22 mmol/l for 25 mg) and increased with placebo (+0.36 mmol/l; both p < 0.001). Adjusted mean ± standard error changes in weight were -1.62 ± 0.21 kg and -1.47 ± 0.21 kg with empagliflozin 10 mg and 25 mg, respectively, vs. +0.34 ± 0.21 kg with placebo (both p < 0.001). Similar proportions of patients reported adverse events with empagliflozin (67.3-71.4%) and placebo (72.7%). Confirmed hypoglycaemia was reported by 1.2-2.4% of patients on empagliflozin and 1.8% on placebo.

CONCLUSION:

Empagliflozin 10 mg and 25 mg once daily for 24 weeks as add-on to pioglitazone ± metformin reduced HbA1c, FPG and weight and were well tolerated in patients with T2DM.

KEYWORDS:

SGLT2; empagliflozin; glycaemic control; pioglitazone; type 2 diabetes; weight

PMID:
23906415
DOI:
10.1111/dom.12188
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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