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Pediatr Clin North Am. 2013 Aug;60(4):841-63. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2013.04.008.

Pediatric cochlear implantation: expanding applications and outcomes.

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Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX 77555, USA.


Cochlear implantation is a revolutionary yet time-sensitive treatment for deaf children that must be performed within a critical window of time, in early life, for a congenitally deafened child to receive maximum benefit. Potential candidates should therefore be referred for evaluation early. Primary reasons for delay of cochlear implantation include slow referrals for care, parental delays, and payer delays. It is vital that all newborn children undergo hearing screening to identify deaf children at birth, and for parents, health care providers, and health care payers to be educated about the indications, important benefits, and reasonable risks of cochlear implantation for deaf children.


Cochlear; Deafness; Hearing loss; Implant; Implantation; Outcomes; Pediatric

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