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J Food Prot. 2013 Aug;76(8):1434-7. doi: 10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-12-429.

Thermal inactivation of a single strain each of serotype O26:H11, O45:H2, O103:H2, O104:H4, O111:H⁻, O121:H19, O145:NM, and O157:H7 cells of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli in wafers of ground beef.

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Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, 600 East Mermaid Lane, Wyndmoor, Pennsylvania 19038, USA.


For each of two trials, freshly ground beef of variable fat content (higher: 70:30 %lean:%fat; lower: 93:7 %lean:%fat) was separately inoculated with ca. 7.0 log CFU/g of a single strain of Escherichia coli serotypes O26:H11, O45:H2, O103:H2, O104:H4, O111:H⁻, O121:H19, O145:NM, and O157:H7. Next, ca. 3-g samples of inoculated beef were transferred into sterile filter bags and then flattened (ca. 1.0 mm thick) and vacuum sealed. For each temperature and sampling time, three bags of the inoculated wafers of beef were submerged in a thermostatically controlled water bath and heated to an internal temperature of 54.4°C (130°F) for up to 90 min, to 60°C (140°F) for up to 4 min, or to 65.6°C (150°F) for up to 0.26 min. In lower fat wafers, D-values ranged from 13.5 to 23.6 min, 0.6 to 1.2 min, and 0.05 to 0.08 min at 54.4, 60.0, and 65.6°C, respectively. Heating higher fat wafers to 54.4, 60.0, and 65.6°C generated D-values of 18.7 to 32.6, 0.7 to 1.1, and 0.05 to 0.2 min, respectively. In addition, we observed reductions of ca. 0.7 to 6.7 log CFU/g at 54.4°C after 90 min, ca. 1.1 to 6.1 log CFU/g at 60.0°C after 4 min, and 0.8 to 5.8 log CFU/g at 65.6°C after 0.26 min. Thus, cooking times and temperatures effective for inactivating a serotype O157:H7 strain of E. coli in ground beef were equally effective against the seven non-O157:H7 Shiga toxin-producing strains investigated herein.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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