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Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2013 Sep;38(9):913-21. doi: 10.1139/apnm-2012-0478. Epub 2013 Mar 26.

Adaptations in physiological properties of rat motor units following 5 weeks of whole-body vibration.

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a Department of Neurobiology, University School of Physical Education, 27/39 Królowej Jadwigi, 61-871, Poznań, Poland.


The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of 5-week whole-body vibration (WBV) on contractile parameters and force-frequency relationship of functionally isolated motor units of the rat medial gastrocnemius muscle: fast fatigable (FF), fast fatigue-resistant (FR), and slow (S). Moreover, myosin heavy chain isoform content was quantified. Following WBV, the maximum tetanic force of FF units was increased by ∼25%. The twitch half-relaxation time in all types of motor units and the twitch contraction time in FR units were shortened. The twitch-to-tetanus force ratio was decreased and the force-frequency curves were shifted rightwards in S and FR units. Myosin heavy chain distribution was not changed. These findings suggest modifications of the excitation-contraction coupling towards shortening of a twitch contraction. The observed increase in force of FF units may contribute to gains in muscle dynamic strength reported following WBV treatment.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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