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Biol Chem Hoppe Seyler. 1990 Jun;371(6):527-36.

Comparative kinetics of D-xylose and D-glucose isomerase activities of the D-xylose isomerase from Thermus aquaticus HB8.

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1
Physiologisch-Chemisches Institut der Universität Tübingen.

Abstract

The D-xylose isomerase from T. aquaticus accepts, besides D-xylose, also D-glucose, and, with lower efficiency, D-ribose, and D-arabinose as alternative substrates. The activity of the enzyme is strictly dependent on divalent cations. Mn2+ is most effective in the D-xylose isomerase reaction and Co2+ in the D-glucose isomerization. Mg2+ is active in both reactions, Zn2+ only in the further one. The enzyme is strongly inhibited by Cu2+, and weakly by Ni2+, Fe2+, and Ca2+. A hyperbolic dependence of the reaction velocity of the D-xylose isomerase on the concentration of D-xylose xylose and of D-glucose was found, while biphasic saturation curves were obtained by variation of the metal ion concentrations. The D-glucose isomerization reaction shows normal behaviour with respect to the metal ions. A kinetic model was derived on the basis of the assumption of two binding sites for divalent cations, one cofactor site with higher affinity and a second, low affinity site, which modulates the activity of the enzyme.

PMID:
2390219
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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