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Int Orthop. 2013 Sep;37(9):1827-31. doi: 10.1007/s00264-013-2029-8. Epub 2013 Jul 31.

Midterm results of the Ponseti method in the treatment of congenital clubfoot.

Author information

1
Paediatric Orthopaedic Unit, Department of Paediatric Orthopaedics and Adult Foot and Ankle Surgery, Orthopaedic Hospital Speising, Speisinger, Vienna, Austria. cradler@chello.at

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The Ponseti method has become the gold standard for clubfoot treatment. Although promising short-term results have been published, only a few studies report results at the end of the bracing period. We aimed to evaluate the functional midterm results, rate of recurrence and need for subsequent surgery.

METHODS:

Patients from our prospective database of clubfeet treated with the Ponseti method with a minimum age of three years were identified. Exclusion criteria were syndrome or neurogenic association, address in a foreign country, presentation after six weeks of age, more than three casts applied elsewhere and correction with less than three casts. A total of 125 patients met the inclusion criteria. The Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI), the disease-specific instrument (DSI) questionnaire and an invitation for a clinical examination were sent out. For patients not presenting for evaluation, data from the last follow-up were extracted.

RESULTS:

Seventy questionnaires (56 %) of patients with a mean age of 5.7 years (3.3-8.9 years) were returned. The DSI score (n = 65) was 85.3 (± 13.01 SD) and the PODCI score (n = 59) was 95.5 (± 6.3 SD). A total of 113 of 125 patients (90.4 %) with 182 clubfeet were examined in the study or seen in follow-up. During a mean follow-up of 5.2 years (range 3-8.5 years) a repeat tenotomy was performed in 4 % of cases, a percutaneous Achilles tendon lengthening in 3 %, a tibialis anterior tendon transfer in 13 % and open joint surgery in 5 %. The mean dorsiflexion with knee extended was 15.9° (range 0-32°; SD ± 5.5) with 16 feet (9 %) presenting less than 10°.

CONCLUSIONS:

The functional scores indicate that the Ponseti method results in mostly pain-free feet not limiting age-appropriate activity. In this consecutive case series open joint surgery could be avoided in 95 % of cases with a good functional and anatomic outcome.

PMID:
23900385
PMCID:
PMC3764289
DOI:
10.1007/s00264-013-2029-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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