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Antivir Ther. 2013;18(8):1005-13. doi: 10.3851/IMP2665. Epub 2013 Jul 31.

Single and multiple dose pharmacokinetics of dolutegravir in the genital tract of HIV-negative women.

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1
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Eshelman School of Pharmacy, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Antiretrovirals that achieve adequate concentrations in anatomical sites of transmission are of interest for HIV prevention. A Phase I open-label pharmacokinetic (PK) study was performed to describe first dose (PK1) and steady-state (PK2) PKs of the integrase inhibitor dolutegravir (DTG) in blood plasma (BP), cervicovaginal fluid (CVF), cervical tissue (CT) and vaginal tissue (VT) in HIV type-1-negative women.

METHODS:

A total of 8 healthy females given DTG 50 mg daily for 5-7 days had 11 paired BP and CVF samples collected over 24 h following the first dose (PK1) and multiple dosing (PK2). Each woman underwent CT and VT biopsies at 1/4 time points at PK1 and PK2 to generate composite PK profiles. DTG concentrations were analysed by validated liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry methods. Non-compartmental PK analysis was performed and Spearman rank correlations determined between matrices.

RESULTS:

BP areas under the concentration-time curve (AUCs) were similar to previous reports and concentrations remained greater than the protein-adjusted (PA) 90% inhibitory concentration (IC90) for wild-type HIV (64 ng/ml). CVF exposures were approximately 6% of BP with low inter-individual variability. CT and VT exposures were 7% of BP at PK1, and 9-10% of BP at PK2 with 94% of samples >PA-IC90. CT and VT concentrations were correlated to each other (ρ=0.70, P=0.003), and to CVF at steady state (ρ=0.52, P=0.04). Accumulation of DTG from PK1 to PK2 occurred in BP, CT and VT, but only marginally in CVF.

CONCLUSIONS:

DTG BP PK were consistent with previously published values. CVF, CT and VT exposures were highly correlated. At PK2, DTG accumulated to a greater extent in tissue than in BP or CVF, suggesting increased tissue affinity.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01404806.

PMID:
23899439
PMCID:
PMC4038682
DOI:
10.3851/IMP2665
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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