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Sports Biomech. 2013 Jun;12(2):186-94.

Lower limb moments differ when towing a weighted sled with different attachment points.

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Department of Physical Therapy, University of New England, Portland, ME 04103, USA.


Sprinting while towing a sled improves sprinting parameters, however, only kinematic and temporal-spatial variables have been reported. The purpose of this study was to determine how lower extremity joint moment impulses alter when towing a sled compared to normal walking. Twelve participants walked normally, walked while towing a sled with a 50% body weight load attached at the waist, and with a 50% body weight load attached at the shoulders. Joint moment impulses were calculated for the hip, knee, and ankle. A mixed-model ANOVA with a between-subject factor of limb and repeated measures of condition was used to compare differences between limbs and towing conditions for each joint. Towing a sled increased joint moment impulses at the hip, knee, and non-dominant ankle. When compared with normal walking waist attachment increased hip extension moment impulse by 214.5% (-3.31 vs. -10.41Nms/kg), and shoulder attachment increased knee extension moment impulse by 166.9% (4.62 vs. 12.33Nms/kg). The dominant limb produced greater knee extension moment impulse (p < 0.001), while the non-dominant limb produced greater hip extension (p < 0.001) and ankle plantarflexion moment impulse (p < 0.001) across all conditions. Results suggest that walking while towing may increase hip and knee extension strength.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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