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Emerg Med J. 2014 Oct;31(10):833-9. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2013-202512. Epub 2013 Jul 29.

Randomised trial comparing the recording ability of a novel, electronic emergency documentation system with the AHA paper cardiac arrest record.

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Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.
Department of Sociology, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, USA.
Department of Surgery and the Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Institute for Simulation and Interprofessional Studies, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.
Department of Medical Education and Biomedical Informatics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.
Division of Design, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, USA.



To evaluate the ability of an electronic system created at the University of Washington to accurately document prerecorded VF and pulseless electrical activity (PEA) cardiac arrest scenarios compared with the American Heart Association paper cardiac arrest record.


16 anaesthesiology residents were randomly assigned to view one of two prerecorded, simulated VF and PEA scenarios and asked to document the event with either the paper or electronic system. Each subject then repeated the process with the other video and documentation method. Five types of documentation errors were defined: (1) omission, (2) specification, (3) timing, (4) commission and (5) noise. The mean difference in errors between the paper and electronic methods was analysed using a single factor repeated measures ANOVA model.


Compared with paper records, the electronic system omitted 6.3 fewer events (95% CI -10.1 to -2.5, p=0.003), which represents a 28% reduction in omission errors. Users recorded 2.9 fewer noise items (95% CI -5.3 to -0.6, p=0.003) when compared with paper, representing a 36% decrease in redundant or irrelevant information. The rate of timing (Δ=-3.2, 95% CI -9.3 to 3.0, p=0.286) and commission (Δ=-4.4, 95% CI -9.4 to 0.5, p=0.075) errors were similar between the electronic system and paper, while the rate of specification errors were about a third lower for the electronic system when compared with the paper record (Δ=-3.2, 95% CI -6.3 to -0.2, p=0.037).


Compared with paper documentation, documentation with the electronic system captured 24% more critical information during a simulated medical emergency without loss in data quality.


Cardiac Arrest; Cardiac Care, Care Systems; Communications; Data Management; Resuscitation

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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