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J Pediatr Surg. 2013 Jul;48(7):1546-50. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2012.08.031.

Comparison of laparoscopic-assisted and open total proctocolectomy and ileal pouch anal anastomosis in children and adolescents.

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1
Department of Surgery, Boston Children's Hospital-Harvard Medical School Boston, MA 02115, USA. bradley.linden@childrens.harvard.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Laparoscopic techniques have been applied to restorative proctocolectomy since the early 2000's. We have employed a technique for laparoscopic-assisted total proctocolectomy (TPC) and ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) for the treatment of children with ulcerative colitis (UC).

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed 68 laparoscopic-assisted TPCs and 39 open TPCs performed at our institution for UC between January 1997 and February 2011. Case duration, postoperative length of stay, and complications of the two groups were compared, and multivariable analysis was applied.

RESULTS:

The two groups were comparable with respect to gender, age, and postoperative length of stay. Total abdominal colectomy (TAC) duration was significantly longer in the laparoscopic-assisted group (P < .001). Complications were similar in the laparoscopic and open group, although small bowel obstruction (SBO) was significantly less frequent in the laparoscopic group (log-rank test = 8.88, P = .003). Kaplan-Meier estimated freedom from SBO at 1 year follow-up is 99% for patients treated laparoscopically (95% CI: 98%-100%) and 76% for those undergoing an open surgical approach (95% CI: 64%-88%).

CONCLUSIONS:

The significantly lower SBO rate, low complication rates, and equivalent length of stay favor use of the laparoscopic-assisted approach for TPC and IPAA in children.

KEYWORDS:

Laparoscopy; Pediatric; Restorative proctocolectomy; Small bowel obstruction; Ulcerative colitis

PMID:
23895970
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2012.08.031
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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