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Am Heart J. 2013 Aug;166(2):357-364.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2013.05.009. Epub 2013 Jun 24.

Short-term vitamin D3 supplementation lowers plasma renin activity in patients with stable chronic heart failure: an open-label, blinded end point, randomized prospective trial (VitD-CHF trial).

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1
Department of Cardiology, University Medical Centre Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Many chronic heart failure (CHF) patients have low vitamin D (VitD) and high plasma renin activity (PRA), which are both associated with poor prognosis. Vitamin D may inhibit renin transcription and lower PRA. We investigated whether vitamin D3 (VitD3) supplementation lowers PRA in CHF patients.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

We conducted a single-center, open-label, blinded end point trial in 101 stable CHF patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction. Patients were randomized to 6 weeks of 2,000 IU oral VitD3 daily or control. At baseline, mean age was 64 ± 10 years, 93% male, left ventricular ejection fraction 35% ± 8%, and 56% had VitD deficiency. The geometric mean (95% CI) of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 increased from 48 nmol/L (43-54) at baseline to 80 nmol/L (75-87) after 6 weeks in the VitD3 treatment group and decreased from 47 nmol/L (42-53) to 44 nmol/L (39-49) in the control group (P < .001). The primary outcome PRA decreased from 6.5 ng/mL per hour (3.8-11.2) to 5.2 ng/mL per hour (2.9-9.5) in the VitD3 treatment group and increased from 4.9 ng/mL per hour (2.9-8.5) to 7.3 ng/mL per hour (4.5-11.8) in the control group (P = .002). This was paralleled by a larger decrease in plasma renin concentration in the VitD3 treatment group compared to control (P = .020). No significant changes were observed in secondary outcome parameters, including N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide natriuretic peptide and fibrosis markers.

CONCLUSIONS:

Most CHF patients had VitD deficiency and high PRA levels. Six weeks of supplementation with 2,000 IU VitD3 increased 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 levels and decreased PRA and plasma renin concentration.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01092130.

PMID:
23895820
DOI:
10.1016/j.ahj.2013.05.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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