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Ann Oncol. 2013 Nov;24(11):2773-80. doi: 10.1093/annonc/mdt276. Epub 2013 Jul 25.

First-line bevacizumab in combination with chemotherapy for HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer: pooled and subgroup analyses of data from 2447 patients.

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1
Department of Medical Oncology, Mount Vernon Cancer Centre, London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Bevacizumab has consistently demonstrated improved progression-free survival (PFS) and response rate when combined with first-line chemotherapy for HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (mBC). However, the lack of a significant overall survival (OS) difference continues to attract debate, and identification of patients deriving greatest benefit from bevacizumab remains elusive.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Individual patient data from three randomised phase III trials in the first-line HER2-negative mBC setting were analysed, focusing specifically on efficacy in poor-prognosis patients.

RESULTS:

The meta-analysis (n = 2447) demonstrated a PFS hazard ratio (HR) of 0.64 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.57-0.71; median 9.2 months with bevacizumab versus 6.7 months with non-bevacizumab therapy) and response rate of 49% versus 32%, respectively. The OS HR was 0.97 (95% CI 0.86-1.08); median 26.7 versus 26.4 months, respectively. In patients with triple-negative mBC, the HRs for PFS and OS were 0.63 (95% CI 0.52-0.76) and 0.96 (95% CI 0.79-1.16), respectively. Median PFS was 8.1 months with bevacizumab versus 5.4 months with chemotherapy alone, median OS was 18.9 versus 17.5 months, respectively, and 1-year OS rates were 71% versus 65%.

CONCLUSIONS:

Bevacizumab improves efficacy, including 1-year OS rates, both overall and in subgroups of poor-prognosis patients with limited treatment options.

KEYWORDS:

anti-angiogenesis; bevacizumab; first-line therapy; metastatic breast cancer; triple-negative breast cancer; vascular endothelial growth factor

PMID:
23894038
DOI:
10.1093/annonc/mdt276
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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