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Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2013 Nov;60(11):1868-74. doi: 10.1002/pbc.24694. Epub 2013 Jul 25.

A phase I study of histone deacetylase inhibitor, pracinostat (SB939), in pediatric patients with refractory solid tumors: IND203 a trial of the NCIC IND program/C17 pediatric phase I consortium.

Author information

1
Division of Hematology/Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital, Western University, London, ON, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pracinostat (SB939) is a potent oral inhibitor of class 1, 2, and 4 histone deacetylases (HDAC). The adult recommended phase II dose (RP2D) is 60 mg po three times per week (t.i.w.) for 3 weeks every 4 weeks. This study assessed the toxicities and pharmacokinetics of pracinostat and determined the RP2D in children with refractory solid tumors.

METHODS:

Pediatric patients with refractory solid tumors were treated with oral pracinostat t.i.w. for 3 consecutive weeks, followed by 1 week off dosing. Three dose levels-25, 35, and 45 mg/m(2) were evaluated using a standard 3 + 3 cohort design. Pharmacokinetic (PK) studies were optional.

RESULTS:

Twelve patients were enrolled. The most common diagnosis was Ewing sarcoma. Most adverse events (AEs) were hematological with five (40%) patients experiencing grade 3 neutropenia. Non-hematological AEs were generally grade 1. No dose limiting toxicities occurred. More hematological and non-hematological AEs occurred at 45 mg/m(2) : Two of five patients experienced Grade 3 neutropenia and one each Grade 3 thrombocytopenia and leucopenia, Grade 1 fatigue and anorexia occurred in three. The RP2D was declared to be 45 mg/m(2) (comparable to an adult dose of 80 mg). One patient had a best response of stable disease (duration of 2.9 months). Three patients on 25 mg/m(2) and one each on 35 and 45 mg/m(2) participated in the PK study. No dose related changes in Cmax or AUC occurred.

CONCLUSIONS:

Pracinostat is reasonably well tolerated in children with refractory solid tumors. The RP2D is 45 mg/m(2) .

KEYWORDS:

histone deacetylase inhibitor; pediatric cancer; phase I trial; pracinostat; solid tumor

PMID:
23893953
DOI:
10.1002/pbc.24694
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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