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Biol Trace Elem Res. 2013 Oct;155(1):104-13. doi: 10.1007/s12011-013-9767-8. Epub 2013 Jul 30.

Improvement of cerium on photosynthesis of maize seedlings under a combination of potassium deficiency and salt stress.

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Medical College, Soochow University, Suzhou, People's Republic of China.


Added Ce(3+) can partly substitute for Ca(2+) or Mg(2+) and improve photosynthesis under the deficiency of these elements, but very few studies focused on photosynthetic improvement in maize seedlings caused by K(+) deficiency, salt stress, especially a combination of K(+) deficiency and salt stress. In the present study, the effects of Ce(3+) on the photosynthesis of maize seedlings under the three different stresses were investigated. The results showed that added Ce(3+) under various stresses increased the ratios of free water/bound water and of K(+)/Na(+), the pigment contents, the values of Fv/Fm, Y(II), ETR(II), Y(NPQ), Qp, qL, NPQ, and qN of photosystem II (PSII), the values of Y(I) and ETR(I) of photosystem I (PSI) and the expression levels of LhcII cab1 and rbcL, and decreased the values of Y(NO) and Y(NA). This implied that added Ce(3+) depressed ion toxicity, photodamage of PSII, and acceptor side constraints of PSI, and enhanced adjustable energy dissipation, the responses of photochemistry, and carbon assimilation caused by K(+) deficiency, salt stress, and the combination of K(+) deficiency and salt stress. However, Ce(3+) mitigation of photosynthetic inhibition in maize seedlings caused by the combined stresses was greater than that of salt stress, and Ce(3+) mitigation under salt stress was greater than that under K(+) deficiency. In addition, the results also showed that Ce(3+) cannot improve photosynthesis and growth of maize seedlings under K(+) deficiency by substituting for K(+).

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