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Bioorg Med Chem. 2013 Sep 1;21(17):4914-22. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2013.06.066. Epub 2013 Jul 11.

3-Aryl-4-acyloxyethoxyfuran-2(5H)-ones as inhibitors of tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase: synthesis, molecular docking and antibacterial evaluation.

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College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Key Laboratory of Hunan Forest Products and Chemical Industry Engineering, Jishou University, Jishou 416000, PR China.


Thirty-eight 3-aryl-4-acyloxyethoxyfuran-2(5H)-ones were designed, prepared and tested for antibacterial activities. Some of them showed significant antibacterial activity against Gram-positive organism, Gram-negative organism and fungus. Out of these compounds, 4-(2-(3-chlorophenylformyloxy)ethoxy)-3-(4-chlorophenyl)furan-2(5H)-one (d40) showed the widest spectrum of activity with MIC50 of 2.0μg/mL against Staphylococcus aureus, 4.3μg/mL against Escherichia coli, 1.5μg/mL against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 1.2μg/mL against Candida albicans. Our data disclosed that MIC50 values against whole cell bacteria are positive correlation with MIC50 values against tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase. Meanwhile, molecular docking of d40 into S. aureus tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase active site was also performed, and the inhibitor tightly fitting the active site might be an important reason why it has high antimicrobial activity.


3-Aryl-4-acyloxyethoxyfuran-2(5H)-ones; Antibacterial; Molecular docking; Structure–activity relationship; Tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase

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