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Vet Microbiol. 2014 Feb 21;169(1-2):1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.06.025. Epub 2013 Jul 9.

Virulence, genomic features, and plasticity of Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida, the causative agent of fish furunculosis.

Author information

1
Institut de biologie intégrative et des systèmes, Pavillon Charles-Eugène-Marchand, Université Laval, 1030 avenue de la Médecine, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1V 0A6; Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec (Hôpital Laval), 2725 Chemin Sainte-Foy, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1V 4G5.
2
Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, 3200 rue Sicotte, St-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada J2S 7C6.
3
Institut de biologie intégrative et des systèmes, Pavillon Charles-Eugène-Marchand, Université Laval, 1030 avenue de la Médecine, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1V 0A6; Centre de recherche de l'Institut universitaire de cardiologie et de pneumologie de Québec (Hôpital Laval), 2725 Chemin Sainte-Foy, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1V 4G5; Département de biochimie, de microbiologie et de bio-informatique, Faculté des sciences et de génie, Université Laval, 1045 avenue de la Médecine, Quebec City, QC, Canada G1V 0A6. Electronic address: steve.charette@bcm.ulaval.ca.

Abstract

The bacterium Aeromonas salmonicida subsp. salmonicida is the causative agent of furunculosis, a systemic disease of fish in the salmonid family. Furunculosis is a ubiquitous disease that affects aquaculture operations worldwide and is characterized by high mortality and morbidity. A better understanding of the bacterium is required to find a cure. Thereby, this review centers on A. salmonicida subsp. salmonicida, its major virulence factors, and its genome. The classification and characteristics of A. salmonicida subsp. salmonicida, the virulence factors, such as the A-layer, extracellular molecules, and type three secretion system as well as the characteristics and plasticity of its genome are described.

KEYWORDS:

Aeromonas salmonicida; Antibiotic resistance; Furunculosis; Genome; Insertion sequences; Plasmid; Type three secretion system; Virulence

PMID:
23890675
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.06.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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