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J Nurs Manag. 2014 Nov;22(8):984-94. doi: 10.1111/jonm.12079. Epub 2013 Jul 29.

Work climate, work values and professional commitment as predictors of job satisfaction in nurses.

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1
Department of Economics, University of Parma, Parma, Italy.

Abstract

AIM:

To investigate the effect of some psychosocial variables on nurses' job satisfaction.

BACKGROUND:

Nurses' job satisfaction is one of the most important factors in determining individuals' intention to stay or leave a health-care organisation. Literature shows a predictive role of work climate, professional commitment and work values on job satisfaction, but their conjoint effect has rarely been considered.

METHODS:

A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was adopted. Participants were hospital nurses and data were collected in 2011.

RESULTS:

Professional commitment and work climate positively predicted nurses' job satisfaction. The effect of intrinsic vs. extrinsic work value orientation on job satisfaction was completely mediated by professional commitment.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nurses' job satisfaction is influenced by both contextual and personal variables, in particular work climate and professional commitment. According to a more recent theoretical framework, work climate, work values and professional commitment interact with each other in determining nurses' job satisfaction.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT:

Nursing management must be careful to keep the context of work tuned to individuals' attitude and vice versa. Improving the work climate can have a positive effect on job satisfaction, but its effect may be enhanced by favouring strong professional commitment and by promoting intrinsic more than extrinsic work values.

KEYWORDS:

job satisfaction; nurses; professional commitment; work climate; work values

PMID:
23890046
DOI:
10.1111/jonm.12079
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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