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J Agric Food Chem. 2013 Aug 7;61(31):7453-61. doi: 10.1021/jf401939h. Epub 2013 Jul 26.

Structure-based design and synthesis of novel dual-target inhibitors against cyanobacterial fructose-1,6-bisphosphate aldolase and fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase.

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Key Laboratory of Pesticide & Chemical Biology (CCNU), Ministry of Education, College of Chemistry, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China.


Cyanobacteria class II fructose-1,6-bisphoshate aldolase (Cy-FBA-II) and cyanobacteria fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (Cy-FBPase) are two neighboring key regulatory enzymes in the Calvin cycle of the cyanobacteria photosynthesis system. Each of them might be taken as a potential target for designing novel inhibitors to chemically control harmful algal blooms (HABs). In the present paper, a series of novel inhibitors were rationally designed, synthesized, and optimized based upon the structural and interactional information of both Cy-FBA-II and Cy-FBPase, and their inhibitory activities were examined in vitro and in vivo. The experimental results showed that compounds L19e-L19g exhibited moderate inhibitory activities (IC50 = 28.1-103.2 μM) against both Cy-FBA-II and Cy-FBPase; compounds L19a-L19d, L19h, L20a-L20d exhibited high Cy-FBA-II inhibitory activities (IC50 = 2.3-16.9 μM) and moderate Cy-FBPase inhibitory activities (IC50 = 31.5-141.2 μM); however, compounds L20e-L20h could potently inhibit both Cy-FBA-II and Cy-FBPase with IC50 values less than 30 μM, which demonstrated more or less dual-target inhibitor's feature. Moreover, most of them exhibited potent algicide activity (EC50 = 0.8-22.3 ppm) against cyanobacteria Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803.

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