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Psychophysiology. 2013 Nov;50(11):1070-8. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12092. Epub 2013 Jul 28.

Waveform difference between skin conductance and skin potential responses in relation to electrical and evaporative properties of skin.

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Department of Clinical and Biomedical Engineering, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.


The shapes of skin conductance (SC) and skin potential (SP) responses are often similar, but can also be very different due to an unexplained cause. Using a new method to measure SC and SP simultaneously at the same electrode, this difference was investigated in a new way by comparing their temporal peak differences. SC, SP, skin susceptance (SS), and transepidermal water loss (TEWL) were recorded from 40 participants during relaxation and stress. The SP response could peak anywhere between the onset of an SC response to some time after the peak of an SC response. This peak time difference was associated with the magnitude of the SCR, the hydration of the skin, and the filling of the sweat ducts. Interpretation of the results in light of existing biophysical theories suggests that this peak difference may indicate the hydraulic capacity state of the sweat ducts at the time of a response.


EDA; Electrodermal activity; SCR; SPR; Skin conductance; Skin potential

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