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Proc Inst Mech Eng H. 2013 Nov;227(11):1147-54. doi: 10.1177/0954411913496016. Epub 2013 Jul 25.

Effect of head contact on the rim of the cup on the offset loading and torque in hip joint replacement.

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Institute of Medical and Biological Engineering, School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.


Head contact on the rim of the cup causes stress concentration and consequently increased wear. The head contact on the rim of the cup may in addition cause an offset load and torque on the cup. The head-rim contact resulting from microseparation or subluxation has been investigated. An analytical model has been developed to calculate the offset loading and resultant torque on the cup as a function of the translational displacement of the head under simplified loading condition of the hip joint at heel strike during a walking cycle. The magnitude of the torque on the cup was found to increase with the increasing translational displacement, larger diameter heads, eccentric cups, and the coefficient of friction of the contact. The effects of cup inclination, cup rim radius, and cup coverage angle on the magnitude of the torque were found to be relatively small with a maximum variation in the torque magnitude being lower than 20%. This study has shown an increased torque due to the head loading on the rim of the cup, and this may contribute to the incidence of cup loosening. Particularly, metal-on-metal hip joints with larger head diameters may produce the highest offset loading torque.


Hip joint replacement; microseparation; offset loading; offset loading torque; rim contact; subluxation

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