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J Cell Sci. 2013 Oct 1;126(Pt 19):4457-68. doi: 10.1242/jcs.130500. Epub 2013 Jul 25.

Α-arrestin 1 (ARRDC1) and β-arrestins cooperate to mediate Notch degradation in mammals.

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Institut Pasteur and CNRS URA 2582, Signalisation Moléculaire et Activation Cellulaire, 25 Rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris Cedex 15, France.


Notch signaling is a conserved signaling pathway implicated in embryogenesis and adult tissue maintenance. Notch signaling strength is strictly regulated, notably by maintaining a controlled pool of functional receptor at the cell surface. Mammalian non-activated Notch receptor is internalized, ubiquitylated by the Itch E3 ubiquitin ligase and degraded in the lysosomes. Here, we show that β-arrestins are necessary for Itch-Notch interaction and for Itch-driven ubiquitylation and degradation of Notch. Interestingly, β-arrestins do not directly bind Itch but heterodimerize with a member of another subfamily of arrestins called ARRDC1 or α-arrestin 1, which harbors PPxY motifs that allow direct interaction with Itch. Cells transfected with ARRDC1 mutated in PPxY motifs show reduced Itch-mediated Notch ubiquitylation and impaired lysosomal degradation of Notch, as observed in β-arrestin(-/-) or Itch(-/-) cells. Our data show for the first time that ARRDC1 and β-arrestins heterodimerize and cooperate in the same complex to promote non-activated Notch receptor degradation, thus acting as negative regulators of Notch signaling.


Arrestin; Endocytosis; Itch; Notch; Ubiquitin

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