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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2013 Sep;101(3):309-16. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2013.07.004. Epub 2013 Jul 23.

The increasing detection of asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without overt cardiac disease: data from the SHORTWAVE study.

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Cardiology Unit, Spedali Civili, Brescia, Italy.



Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with higher risk of heart failure. Over the last three decades several studies demonstrated the presence of asymptomatic systolic and/or diastolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction (asymLVD) in patients with normal LV ejection fraction (LVEF). Purpose of our study was to assess the prevalence and factors associated with asymLVD in DM patients by echocardiographic indexes more sensitive than LVEF and transmitral flow detected by pulsed Doppler.


386 DM patients without overt cardiac disease were enrolled from January to October 2011. Stress-corrected midwall shortening (sc-MS) and mitral annular peak systolic velocity (S') were considered as indexes of systolic function of circumferential and longitudinal myocardial fibers, respectively. Early diastolic velocity of transmitral flow was divided by early diastolic Tissue Doppler velocity of mitral annulus for identifying diastolic LVD.


asymLVD was detected in 262 patients (68%). 106 (27%) had isolated systolic asymLVD, 61 (16%) isolated diastolic asymLVD; in 95 (25%) systolic and diastolic asymLVD coexisted. Patients with asymLVD were older, had lower glomerular filtration rate, higher levels of glycated hemoglobin, C reactive protein, LV mass, relative wall thickness and prevalence of valve calcifications. Older age (HR 1.1 [1.02-1.18], p=0.01), aortic valve calcifications (HR 6.3 [1.31-30.31], p=0.02), LV concentric geometry defined as relative wall thickness ≥0.43 (HR 15.44 [2.96-80.44], p=0.001) were independent predictors of asymLVD at multivariate analysis.


Using suitable echocardiographic indexes, asymLVD is detectable in two/third of DM patients without overt cardiac disease and is predicted by older age, cardiac valve calcifications and LV concentric remodeling.


Diastolic function; Longitudinal function; Midwall shortening; Systolic function; Type 2 diabetes

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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