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Xenobiotica. 2014 Mar;44(3):276-82. doi: 10.3109/00498254.2013.820006. Epub 2013 Jul 25.

In vitro OATP1B1 and OATP1B3 inhibition is associated with observations of benign clinical unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia.

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Department of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, Division of Development Sciences, Global Pharmaceutical Research and Development, AbbVie, Inc. , North Chicago, IL 60064 , USA.


1.  Transient benign unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia has been observed clinically with several drugs including indinavir, cyclosporine, and rifamycin SV. Genome-wide association studies have shown significant association of OATP1B1 and UGT1A1 with elevations of unconjugated bilirubin, and OATP1B1 inhibition data correlated with clinical unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia for several compounds. 2.  In this study, inhibition of OATP1B3 and UGT1A1, in addition to OATP1B1, was explored to determine whether one measure offers value over the other as a potential prospective tool to predict unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. OATP1B1 and OATP1B3-mediated transport of bilirubin was confirmed and inhibition was determined for atazanavir, rifampicin, indinavir, amprenavir, cyclosporine, rifamycin SV and saquinavir. To investigate the intrinsic inhibition by the drugs, both in vivo Fi (fraction of intrinsic inhibition) and R-value (estimated maximum in vivo inhibition) for OATP1B1, OATP1B3 and UGT1A1 were calculated. 3.  The results indicated that in vivo Fi values >0.2 or R-values >1.5 for OATP1B1 or OATP1B3, but not UGT1A1, are associated with previously reported clinical cases of drug-induced unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. 4.  In conclusion, inhibition of OATP1B1 and/or OATP1B3 along with predicted human pharmacokinetic data could be used pre-clinically to predict potential drug-induced benign unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia in the clinic.

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