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J Am Coll Nutr. 2013;32(3):160-4. doi: 10.1080/07315724.2013.797858.

Chronic intake of onion extract containing quercetin improved postprandial endothelial dysfunction in healthy men.

Author information

1
House Foods Corporation, Yotsukaido, Chiba, Japan. hideki-nakayama@housefoods.co.jp

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Epidemiologic studies have shown that dietary flavonoids reduce the risk of cardiovascular events. Onion is rich in quercetin, a strong antioxidant flavonoid. In some in vitro studies, quercetin improved endothelial function associated with atherosclerosis, a leading cause of cardiovascular events.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to determine whether chronic onion extract intake would improve postprandial endothelial dysfunction induced by an oral maltose load in healthy men.

METHODS:

Healthy men (44±10 years, n=23) received 4.3 g of onion extract (containing 51 mg of quercetin) once a day for 30 days. Before and after the chronic onion extract intake, fasting and postprandial flow-mediated vasodilation (FMD) responses were measured.

RESULTS:

Maltose loading significantly decreased FMD both before and after chronic onion extract intake (p=0.000037 and p=0.0035, respectively). The chronic onion extract intake did not significantly affect fasting FMD (p=0.069) but improved the postprandial FMD significantly from 5.1%±2.2% to 6.7%±2.6% (p=0.00015). The chronic onion extract intake did not alter systemic and forearm hemodynamics.

CONCLUSION:

These findings suggest that chronic onion extract intake ameliorates postprandial endothelial dysfunction in healthy men and may be beneficial for improving cardiovascular health.

PMID:
23885989
DOI:
10.1080/07315724.2013.797858
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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