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Vojnosanit Pregl. 2013 Jun;70(6):606-8.

Malakoplakia mimics urinary bladder cancer: a case report.

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1
Institute of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Nii, Nih, Serbia.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Malakoplakia is an unusual and very rare chronic inflammatory disease. In bladder especially it can mimic malignancy and lead to serious misdiagnosis.

CASE REPORT:

We presented a case of a middle-aged woman with persistent macrohematuria and cystoscopically polypoid bladder mass that resembled a neoplastic process. The final diagnosis was based on cystoscopic biopsy and microscopic findings of acidophilic, foamy histiocytes with the presence of Michaelis-Gutmann inclusions which are characteristic for diagnosis of malakoplakia. Immunohistochemistry confirmed diagnosis by demonstrating CD68-positive macrophages.

CONCLUSION:

Urinary bladder malakoplakia should be considered in patients with persistent urinary tract infections and tumor mass at cystoscopy. Early identification with prompt antibiotic treatment can be helpful in avoiding unnecessary surgical interventions and in preventing development of possible complications.

PMID:
23885529
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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