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Bol Asoc Med P R. 2012 Apr-Jun;104(2):64-9.

Cardiovascular adaptation and cardiac disease in the elite athlete.

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Cardiology Section, Department of Medicine, VA Caribbean Healthcare System, Puerto Rico.


Cardiovascular diseases are uncommon among trained athletes. Their occurrences mostly depend on the individual's age and fitness levels. Adequate understanding of the cardiovascular adaptations undergone by the competitive athletes' heart is of paramount importance in order to differentiate them from serious cardiovascular conditions. Diagnosing these abnormalities early may prevent rare but devastating potential complications associated with athletic activities and defines appropriate activity restrictions to minimize the risk of sudden cardiac death. This article will review concerns related to competitive athlete's cardiovascular adaptations and diseases, in light of specific recommendations presented in the 36th Bethesda Conference guidelines.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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