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J Nanosci Nanotechnol. 2013 Aug;13(8):5420-3.

Electron beam irradiated ITO films as highly transparent p-type electrodes for GaN-based LEDs.

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Department of Printed Electronics Engineering (WCU), Sunchon National University, Jeonnam 540-742, Korea.


We have investigated the effect of electron beam irradiation on the electrical and optical properties of ITO film prepared by magnetron sputtering method at room temperature. Electron beam irradiation to the ITO films resulted in a significant decrease in sheet resistance from 1.28 x 10(-3) omega cm to 2.55 x 10(-4) omega cm and in a great increase in optical band gap from 3.72 eV to 4.16 eV, followed by improved crystallization and high transparency of 97.1% at a wavelength of 485 nm. The overall change in electrical, optical and structural properties of ITO films is related to annealing effect and energy transfer of electron by electron beam irradiation. We also fabricated GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) by using the ITO p-type electrode with/without electron beam irradiation. The results show that the LEDs having ITO p-electrode with electron beam irradiation produced higher output power due to the low absorption of light in the p-type electrode.

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