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Clin Rehabil. 2013 Nov;27(11):1005-19. doi: 10.1177/0269215513490178. Epub 2013 Jul 23.

The use of patient-specific measurement instruments in the process of goal-setting: a systematic review of available instruments and their feasibility.

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1Faculty of Health, Zuyd University of Applied Sciences, Heerlen, The Netherlands.



The aim of this study was to identify the currently available patient-specific measurement instruments used in the process of goal-setting and to assess their feasibility.


After a systematic search in PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO and REHABDATA, patient-specific instruments were included, structured in a goal-setting practice framework and subjected to a qualitative thematic analysis of feasibility.


A total of 25 patient-specific instruments were identified and 11 were included. These instruments can be used for goal negotiation, goal-setting and evaluation. Each instrument has its own strengths and weaknesses during the different phases of the goal-setting process. Objective feasibility data were revealed for all instruments such as administration time, instruction, training and availability. Subjective feasibility could only be analysed for the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure, Goal Attainment Scaling, Self-Identified Goal Assessment and Talking Mats. Relevant themes were that Canadian Occupational Performance Measure and Goal Attainment Scaling were time consuming and difficult for patients with cognitive problems, but they facilitated goal-setting in a client-centred approach. Talking Mats was especially feasible for patients with cognitive and communication impairments.


A total of 11 instruments were identified, and although some had strong points, there is no single good instrument that can be recommended specifically. Applying a combination of the strengths of the available instruments within a goal-setting framework can improve goal setting and tailor it to individual patients.


Goal-setting; feasibility; measurement instrument; systematic review

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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